The Iranian Cyber Espionage Practice
The Russian hackers penetrated the computer networks of more than 130 countries. All the targets were on the political spectrum and involved in issues of economic, social and military importance. About the hacking of the computer networks of Afghanistan and Russia, it should be said that we, as a Western country, do not recognize this. Moreover, the Russian hackers managed to hack the computer networks of the Central Asian states, making the computer systems of those states non-operational. Russia is not the only country that is engaged in this type of cyber espionage activity. According to our research, there is another country, which is also engaged in this type of cyber espionage practice, namely Iran. Russia has had many contacts with the Iranian government and its members.
The first contact between Russia and Iran occurred between the two states in December 2013. Shortly afterwards, Iran invited Russia to the Astana negotiations of its peace negotiations with the PBC group of parties. This is the first time that the two countries met in an official capacity. A second meeting for the further elaboration of the peace agreement was held in Iran on August 18, 2014 and a third meeting in mid-September of this year.
This is Iran’s annual National Day, with celebrations in the country. Its importance is that it is the day when, despite an absence from the international community, Iranians celebrate their national independence.
The Islamic Republic is the center of power for the region. One of the main features of Iranian activities is its cyber espionage against other countries. With the aim of maintaining a strong presence in the region, Iran has had a special focus on the development of cyber espionage techniques. Iranian intelligence activities in this area have been in full evidence in the activities of the Islamic Republic’s hackers on the Internet. Iran’s government has been developing an effective cyber espionage capability for a long time. This is demonstrated by the results received from Iranian hackers during the last several years. The Islamic Republic’s methods of cyber espionage against other countries are not limited to Iranian activities. The cyber espionage activities of the Iranian government are very complex and have a large impact on the international community and the global economy.
The primary target of Iranian hackers is countries where technology can be developed from the ground up. Iran’s government has also focused its efforts on developing a technological base, in particular, on the Internet, which has been used for cyber espionage.
Chinese State-backed Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) Group Indigo Zebra and the Afghan National Security Council
The Chinese government has not responded officially to the question about the latest cyber espionage campaign against central Asian states in which it is alleged US intelligence assets have been involved. For years, the US intelligence community has alleged that China is hacking US government entities, stealing sensitive and highly classified information, and then passing it off to others, including the Afghan government. In recent years, the US government has intensified its allegations that China is passing “cyber espionage” onto the Afghan government which may be attempting to cover up a number of US military and civilian casualties in Afghanistan. In 2010, the US Congress passed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) which required prior court authorization for information collected or shared with foreign intelligence services outside the US. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court ruled in 2012 that the US government did not need to obtain court authorization to share cyber espionage information with foreign intelligence services. However, the court did approve the use of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court to collect US intelligence agency hacking information which had not been submitted to the US government. The court was not asked to order the creation of a separate court for cyberspying and hacking information. The court decided that the collection of intelligence from foreign intelligence agencies is already within the scope of the FISA. The US government has not responded to the question about the US-China cyber espionage campaign involving an alleged APT group.
The CIA has provided a briefing document to the US Congress outlining a cyber espionage campaign against central Asian states run by an Afghan-backed APT group. The document, provided by the US Senate intelligence committee, details a suspected APT campaign that was detected by CIA’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) network and then later referred to the CIA Counterintelligence Center (CIC). The CERT, as part of its role as a computer defense network, is tasked with alerting other intelligence agencies if a particular computer or network appears to be a front for a foreign intelligence service.
Backdoor of IndigoZebra campaign against former Soviet republics in Central Asia
A new campaign to disrupt the functioning of an online social network in Russia. Although the author and his team do not mention a specific nation, “IndigoZebra” is a Kremlin-directed hacking group, targeting members of the political, economic, and military elites in Central Asia and the Caucasus. It has been accused of using cyber espionage against three Central Asian states, all of whom are members of the Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh region. The cyber espionage campaign against these states is connected to a new covert operation to undermine the political stability in Central Asia.
Cyber espionage campaign against central Asian states.
The author of the above article may be a high or low-level official in a Central Asian state government.
He is not a senior figure in the Central Asian state system, nor has he been assigned official duties in Central Asia. Although he is not a member of the Central Asian state government, his position in government has made him an influential member of the power structure of the Central Asian state system.
The author is the most important Central Asian state official in Russia. He holds a senior position in the Central Asian national security service and is a member of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation central committee and a member of the central committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation. His main duties are overseeing the Russian security service. The Central Asian state system is a multi-tiered power structure and is in charge of security, economic, military, and political issues within Central Asia.
The author’s position in the Russian state system has been described in an article in the Russian newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda as “a senior leader in the Central Asian state system” and as having “authority in security, economic, military, political and other policies of the Central Asian state system and of the republics and regions of Central Asia within Russia”.
The author’s political career has not been documented in detail. The article in Komsomolskaya Pravda did not describe the author as an official in the Central Asian government or as a Central Asian official in the Russian government. The article did not describe the author’s political duties or his role in the Central Asian government.