Software Piracy and IP Management Practices
In the 1990s, software piracy saw no end. This problem was aggravated by the Internet. Because of the way it has spread around the world, this problem has become even more serious in the past few years. The main reason for this is that software theft is often a very lucrative business. Moreover, there are many ways in which this problem can be tackled. To prevent illegal copying there have to be clear laws which are enforced. In this article, we propose that the development of enforcement mechanisms is the most important step. Additionally, we analyze the impact of the piracy problem on various companies and conclude that there are only a few examples for which the issue is not solved.
Software piracy has become very obvious nowadays. Every day hundreds of illegal copies are sold on CD-ROMs or the Internet, and even more of these can be downloaded without the authorization of the copyright holders. In addition, people now buy CDs or software illegally and are forced to pay through hidden charges. For example, the software Pirate Bay used to hide the copyright of the software, and the software itself used to be illegal, so the people who downloaded these software did not have to pay.
Even more serious, if you look into this article, you can find out that there are only few instances where the legal owners of the software have been able to stop the copyright violation. These are cases where the developers themselves have used pirated content in order to make the game more attractive to the players. Nevertheless, this is not always the case. For example, in order to make the software more attractive, the developers use pirated content in order to add more content. This is why, today, the companies that develop software must continue to pay for the use of illegal copies.
However, before I say more about the issues that are faced by software developers, let me start the development of the enforcement mechanism by analyzing the consequences of the piracy problem on the company that develops the software. I believe that by analyzing the issue in this way it becomes clear that the piracy problem does not just hurt the companies, it also harms gamers.
We need to understand what a developer is. The main thing is that the developers do their jobs in order to make the software as a service for others.
Software piracy and IP management practices: Strategic responses to product-market imitations
The authors in a recent article have investigated to what extent piracy is part of a phenomenon that is becoming increasingly marked by product-market imitations, resulting in the growth of the ‘deflated’ market or ‘flipped’ market. They have identified two types of piracy: the ‘traditional’ or product-centric piracy of content products and the ‘flipped’ piracy of computer programs or applications. This article examines the different strategies implemented in both cases, and their consequences for both piracy and IP management practices in different markets. It is not a comparative study between two different piracy models but rather a description of the strategies implemented by the different piracy models and their consequences.
In order to tackle the piracy problem, various market actors (i. the ‘product’ and also piracy market) have implemented various strategies to mitigate this problem by taking adequate action. To our knowledge there are a plethora of research works published on strategies and actions that are adopted by different market actors to tackle piracy. As a follow up to these research works, a research study is required to uncover more about the different strategies implemented by market actors to tackle piracy and to identify the extent to which pirates respond to these strategies. In this research, we examine different types of piracy strategies adopted by piracy models and their consequences for IP management practices of both products and programs in a different market.
A ‘pirate’ is a person (or a business) who exploits another person or business’s copyrights without payment. Piracy includes all forms of piracy – including not only products or software but also computer programs and other software applications. Most commercial or technical software programs and applications are typically not protected by copyright. They are commonly sold without legal protection. Commercial companies and developers may also have non-commercial websites that are in turn exploited by people who use their services to pirate their software.
The pirater is usually a computer programmer, software designer or even a software developer himself. However, there has been a recent increase in the number of pirated software product or programs and such piracy is increasingly marked by product-market imitations.
The case of Software Piracy Is Patenting Defensive
A patent system should not be made to be a vehicle for the creation of unfair competition. Software piracy and other abuse of patented technology must be kept off the patent system.
“But the system should be based on the belief that, if patent is valid then the party that has taken the subject matter of the patent is entitled to enforce it,” Justice Frank H. Murphy, writing for the majority, said. “The patent system depends, not on whether the party is the one who has the property, but on whether the patentee is the one who has infringed the patent.
Murphy’s decision reverses an earlier decision by Judge Joseph F. Bua, who had found that Microsoft’s patent on Microsoft Word was not infringed by other software developers creating games based on the Office word processor. The parties have not yet appealed the Bua decision.
In a dissenting opinion written by Justice Robert H. Jackson, the majority concluded that a case should not be made for the system because the “patent system depends, not on whether the party is the one who has the property, but on whether the patentee is the one who has infringed the patent.
The “patent system, as administered by the Patent Office, provides for enforcement of valid patents only for those who are the parties to an infringement suit, and those whose patent might be invalid, or who have claimed their patents as invalid,” Jackson wrote.
“It is of doubtful constitutional validity that a patent system as administered by the Patent Office can be used to permit patents to be enforced by those who have never infringed the patent,” he continued. “The only way for such a system to remain constitutional would be to hold that the person seeking to enforce a claim to the right to enforce the patent must be the party who has infringed the patent.
The Patent Office ruled last year that the software piracy of Word documents by computer programs was unfair competition because the Office had not determined who had obtained the rights to the word processing product. Some software developers believed the Office was using a system that did not give them the right to use their software.
Improved innovation through Piracy.
IEEE Transactions on Computer Networking (TCN), 19(4): 899-902, 1999. ISBN;0020641314.
Tips of the Day in Computer Networking
After setting up our DVR, our first big challenge was to change it to HD TV. This is one of the most exciting challenges that I had to face in a while. I was worried that all the channels would be blacked out by the time we upgraded to HD. But the channels will be fine because the DVR can store the video in MPEG-4 format. So, to change it, we had to send it to the TV provider and get an HD cable. The process is simple and the channel changer will give you the option of changing the DVR to HD. We were worried that the process is not transparent to the customer and the provider. At the end of the process, we received the channel changer telling us that it could be upgraded to HD. That’s not what we were worried about, but we never know what we can accomplish.
We were so excited that after changing it to HD, we even found an HD TV package that was a pretty decent deal. After a couple of weeks of use, we decided to call Comcast for an upgrade.