Single-Pair Ethernet: The Infrastructure for IIoT
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Single-Pair Ethernet: The Infrastructure for IIoT | Computer Networking.
The Internet of Things (IoT), a decentralized network of devices connected by a communication protocol, is the technology enabling the widespread deployment of connected products in the home, office and public space.
The Internet of Things is the intersection of the Internet, mobile devices, physical devices connected via the Internet, and the physical world. This new Internet of Things enables new ways for people to be connected, which extends beyond simple applications like home security to include more serious activities like home automation and logistics, and it enables new opportunities for companies to create new revenue streams that will only improve in the future.
Since the Internet was created, a set of communication protocols has evolved from a simple point-to-point protocol called TCP/IP to the World Wide Web, the modern Internet. From here, it is also possible to create and develop new applications that require Internet-based connectivity.
From the beginning, Ethernet was defined and developed in the context of the TCP/IP protocol suite in conjunction with the Internet. The Ethernet standards for the home, office and public space were developed and defined to support this simple, point-to- point, two-wire, point-to-multipoint communication interface. This simple connection, however, requires a wide range of communication hardware, such as routers, hubs, switches, hubs, bridges, routers, and cables. The combination of this equipment is called a hub, and it is often referred to as a node or a node port. These nodes and ports need to communicate with the rest of the world in order to perform various functions inside the home, office or public area.
Today, Ethernet is still commonly used for home and office networking, but it is becoming increasingly popular in public area networks where several nodes can be interconnected to provide a complete network. The network architecture is called the mesh network, and it is a network consisting of one or more nodes that connect to a larger network using a combination of wireless and wired communication paths.
Today’s Internet of Things (IoT) requires Internet connectivity. The current standard for Ethernet technology – ZigBee – is based on the IEEE 802. 4, “Zigbee” protocol family.
Single-Pair Ethernet: Infrastructure for IIoT
Abstract: Single-pair networking (SPN) is a key technology with the potential to enable multiple concurrent communications sessions on a single physical communication port of a network device. As part of the SPN-standard, IEEE 802. 5 (the “802. 5 Standard”) defines a set of physical communication link profiles that are used for the configuration and operation of any single-pair Ethernet device. A single-pair Ethernet device can utilize one or more of these physical communication link profiles concurrently. However, to achieve best-effort throughput for both ends of the link, the link should meet the IEEE 802.
Aer of the link capability, the link should support the link capabilities defined by one of the following IEEE 802.
Aer of the link capability, the link must support the link capabilities defined by the following IEEE 802.
The IEEE 802. 5-100-2012 profile defines a link capable only of supporting single-pair (SP) operation with the link using a 100-Gbit/s Ethernet Medium Access Control (MAC) link with 100-Gbit/s bandwidth. This profile specifies that the “SP” refers to the communication port on the network device that is configured to support SPN operation, and that SPN operation is a bandwidth-class supported for 50-Gbit/s and 100-Gbit/s link operations. Furthermore, the profile specifies that the 10-bit IEEE 802.
IEC 63171-1 and IEC 63171-6: Cabling standards for SPE.
This article presents an overview of the differences in the cable standards for Single-Pole Ethernet (SPE). These standards specify the hardware-layer requirements such as the cable length, the power supply, the connectors, the wire-connector spacing, and the cable diameter. This article also presents cable-level and cable-level cross-connect requirements and the cable-level connectors.
Cable-Level Cross-Connect is a term which is used for the data/signal channel which is separated by a cross-connect switch for the transmission of data between the two end-systems. The cross-connect switch is responsible for providing the interface between the two end-systems. Two cross-connect switches may be used to transmit data in parallel. By separating the signal with a cross-connect switch, data may be encoded and transmitted as the same data with fewer bits. The bandwidth required by the signal is decreased by the use of a cross-connect switch as opposed to multiple data channel, as there is only one data channel transmitting information.
In order to achieve the bandwidth reduction, the cross-connect switch is designed to be a buffer at the link-level. In other words, a maximum data rate can be realized by transmitting the same bit pattern (known as a frame) at the same time in the same time slot at the cross-connect switch. A buffer-based switch would require the utilization of at least three signal lines at the links for buffering the data, two physical channels for serializing the data, and one physical channel for demultiplexing the multiplexed data to recover a single virtual channel for each data bit. A buffer-based switch using three physical channels and one physical channel would therefore require seven lines at the links. The same buffer-based switch using four physical lines at the links would require at least six lines at the links.
By separating the signal with a cross-connect switch, the bandwidth of the signal need not be reduced. In fact, this is the basic principle of a buffer-based cross-connect switch. The data/signal channel is then designed to be a serial channel with a data rate.
Matthias Fritsche Product Manager and Ethernet Connectivity Expert at HARTING.
Matthias Fritsche is a principal at HARTING with more than 30 years experience in the industry. Matthias has extensive experience in all areas of networking and communications.
The products in HARTING’s network management network include firewalls, network firewalls, gateway controllers, routers and switches.
Since 1998 Matthias Fritsche has worked in a wide range of positions within networking and communication, starting with his role as a research assistant at the Max-Planck Institute in Germany.
After that Matthias moved to the University of Bonn in Germany. There he received a degree in chemical engineering and a doctorate in chemical physics. In 2001 Matthias started work at the Technical University of Munich in Germany.
Munich, working at the Institute for Molecular Engineering and Morphology. Matthias completed his masters thesis in 2002. Matthias is currently working as a research professor in the Institute for Molecular Engineering and Morphology at the Technical University of Munich. In addition, Matthias has a number of other positions in Germany and abroad. Matthias is a board member of the European Union Agency for Networking and Information Technologies (ENISA), former president of the IEEE Communications Society, member of the editorial boards for IEEE Commun. magazine, Communication Technology, IEEE Trans. , Wireless Commun. , IEEE Wireless Commun. , and IEEE Wireless Personal Commun. , as well as member of several other society and organization committees. He is an associate editor for IEEE J. and IEEE Commun.
Tips of the Day in Computer Networking
TIP: A network that has a lot of unused capacity is less prone to traffic bottlenecks.
With the advent of more networked computing devices now in people’s homes and offices, there has been a sudden increase in traffic in the industry. More and more information is being exchanged through communication networks, and it has become clear that there is no room for lag in the information flow. The question in today’s world is how to deal with all this information, and what will happen to the traffic? For the first time in history of the internet, the question has become more important than before, but we need to be prepared. The following tips are the ones you need to know in today’s context of the world. This is not only a book on networks and technology, but it is also useful for general information on how to manage such a network and what it can do so. If you are a student or a new entrant into networking, these might be good for you.
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