The AI Career Notes: September 2021
- by Team
The following are the notes from an article published in the September 2021 issue of Computer Networking.
Since the early 1980s, computer networking has focused much attention on three basic technologies: Transmission Control Protocol — TCP/IP, Real-Time Transmission Control Protocol — RTTCP, and Internet Protocol — IP (see, for example, “Transmission Control Protocol — TCP/IP,” by David J. Axtell and J. Robert Badeaux, or “Transmission Control Protocol — IP,” by David Fierer and Douglas J. Futato, both of the Computer Networking Technical Committee, November 1981). More recently, in April 2001, the first public discussion of “Transmission Control Protocol — ARP,” a successor to the protocol originally developed in the 1980s and based on TCP/IP, was published by the Computer Networking Technical Committee: “Computer Networks,” by the Computer Networking Technical Committee, April 2001.
The goal of this article is to summarize and discuss the developments in communications protocols associated with the emergence of modern networking protocols from this original protocol.
New protocols (including those based on TCP/IP and ARP) have been developed for all kinds of communication, be it transmission control, file transfer, wireless, internetworking, telecommuting, Internet, etc.
Many of these new protocols are not yet standardized. They use different network and communication technologies than the current generation of operating systems, such as Windows 98.
The newer protocols are based on new concepts that are not yet widely utilized.
The most widely used and standardized protocols in today’s communications have evolved in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
The AI Career Notes: September 2021.
Papers: AI Career Notes: September 2021.
By Berenice Stolb, Ph.
In the AI Career Notes we offer a new perspective of how the machine is changing the way we do the most important work for human civilization. In this series of three articles, we reflect on the AI landscape in light of the three great crises the AI revolution will face. We discuss the nature of the current AI revolution, its prospects for the future, how the AI revolution is going to change the world, and how the technology is going to impact society and the values we hold dear.
The AI uprising of the century will present three major crises.
The first is the existential crisis. We’ve seen several existential crises since the dawn of the AI revolution: the wars in the Second Empire, the Dark Ages, the Great Depression, the Great Recession, the Great Recession of 2008-2009, the Great Recession of 2008 to 2010, the Great Recession of 2010 to 2011 and the Great Recession of 2021, the Great Recession of 2020, the Great Recession of 2019 and many others. The AI revolt will be unique in that it will be the largest existential crisis in all of history.
A second crisis is the cognitive one. We’ve already seen several cognitive crises: the emergence of artificial general intelligence (AGI) as a serious threat, the increasing difficulty of creating robust AI systems, the emergence of artificial general intelligence as a serious threat in our everyday lives. The AI revolt will be peculiar, because it will be the cognitive revolution that leads us to AGI. The AI revolt will entail the first serious AI crisis in history.
A third crisis is the crisis of societal values. We witnessed the breakdown of traditional Western values for the first time in history when AGI disrupted and replaced all existing societal institutions. The AI revolt will be the biggest crisis in all of history, as it entails the collapse of many of those institutions.
The AI revolt will entail the emergence of the first autonomous AI, also called self-aware.
Lindsey Irvine, CMO of Benchling & Associates
It was the last question the examiner had to ask of me. “Now, Lindsey Irvine, how does technology help you? How does your firm use technology?” I answered, slowly and with a lot of hesitation, “Well, we’re using technology, but we use it to focus our people and to make our products better. As technology is becoming more pervasive, we use it to enhance our products while at the same time we use it to make them easier to use. ” I answered more slowly this time, because I felt like I did not understand all the details that were being asked—and because I was afraid that the questions would be more complicated than the answers. Still, a clear answer has been given and I am pleased to report that the examiner was impressed with my explanation.
It was a busy few weeks, but that does not mean that the questions and answers got out of hand or caused any undue confusion. It is good to get some questions answered in interviews. It is always reassuring to have someone else provide your answers, and on these occasions your questions are the ones that get answered.
I was asked to provide an example of a software product that we’ve developed. The interviewer did not ask me to provide an example of a hardware product that we’ve created, and I didn’t feel like it was necessary to supply it because the interviewer had done enough of this. “This is your question,” I answered, “and so is the answer.
Lindsey Irvine, CMO of Benchling & Associates is the president of Benchling and Associates, a computer networking software engineering design firm. The firm offers consulting services and develops network solutions and related products for companies in the telecommunications industry. For more information, visit www. benchlingassociates.
A Conversation with Yerushalmi on the RPA and the Partner Ecosystem
This article is part of the Computer Networking series. EconTalk — an online publication of the Canadian School of Economics (CSE) — is a weekly e-zine about the broad topics of economics and communication, with an emphasis on networks. EconTalk includes articles and interviews with economists who work in the Canadian and international economics and public policy fields, as well as with other scholars from outside the field and from related disciplines. EconTalk is published with the support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada , the Canada Council for the Social Sciences and Humanities , the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Alberta , and the Government of Alberta.
The article is an extended version of an interview with Yerushalmi, “Cascading Networks and the Potential for Public Policy: An Interview with Yerushalmi. ” The full text article is available free online on the CSE website. To access the full article, go to the article page.
EconTalk: In your talk last week, you mentioned that public discourse is based, in part, on a public policy question with public policy implications. You also talked about the importance of a policy question with respect to public policy that takes the form of a “cascading network” of actors.
Yerushalmi: The key message is that we need to look at the policy question through the lens of a cascading public policy network.
First, in the public policy domain, the public policy question is usually framed in terms of the distribution of power. The public policy question is usually, therefore, about the balance of power between the public and private sector or between the public and private institutions. And the public policy question is, therefore, about the public and private sector’s relative degree of power within the context of an institutional power structure. That is, it’s about how the power is distributed and where the power is located within that institutional power structure.
That’s the starting point of the policy question. And that gives the public policy question a form that it can be explored and discussed.
Tips of the Day in Computer Networking
We have a few new tips to share.
don’t accidentally connect to a device directly on your internal network.
to the correct port number of the appropriate interface.
connections you can have on the network at any one instant.
Don’t give your client information to anyone.
password) to anyone on your network.
can’t properly configure.
Spread the loveThe following are the notes from an article published in the September 2021 issue of Computer Networking. Since the early 1980s, computer networking has focused much attention on three basic technologies: Transmission Control Protocol — TCP/IP, Real-Time Transmission Control Protocol — RTTCP, and Internet Protocol — IP (see, for example, “Transmission Control Protocol…
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